What are the casino rules for blackjack?

What is Blackjack?

Blackjack, also known as 21, is a popular card game played at casinos. It is a combination of luck and strategy and the objective of the game is to beat the dealer by achieving a total closer to 21 than the dealer without going over 21. Players are dealt two cards and can choose to draw one or more cards in an attempt to get closer to 21 without going over.

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Basic Rules of Blackjack

The basic rules of blackjack can be broken down into the following:

Objective of the Game

The objective of the game is to beat the dealer’s hand by achieving a total that is closer to 21 than the dealer without going over 21.

Card Values

  • Face cards (King, Queen, and Jack) are worth 10 points.
  • Aces are worth either 1 or 11 points, depending on the player’s choice.
  • Cards numbered from 2 to 10 are worth the number printed on the card.

Dealing the Cards

The dealer will deal two cards to each player and two cards to himself. One of the dealer’s cards will be dealt face down and the other will be face up.

Options After Being Dealt Cards

Once each player has been dealt two cards, they have the following options:

  • Hit: Take an additional card.
  • Stand: Take no additional cards.
  • Double Down: Double your bet and take one additional card.
  • Split: Split your hand into two hands and take one additional card for each hand.
  • Surrender: Give up your hand and forfeit half of your bet.

Dealer’s Play

Once all of the players have made their decisions, the dealer will play according to the following rules:

  • If the dealer has 16 or less, he must hit.
  • If the dealer has 17 or more, he must stand.
  • If the dealer has a soft 17 (an Ace and a 6), he must hit.

Winning and Losing Hands

Once the dealer has finished playing, the hands of the players and the dealer will be compared. The player with the hand closest to 21 wins. If the Dealer and Player tie, it is considered a push and no money is exchanged. If the player’s hand goes over 21, it is considered a bust and the player immediately loses.

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Payout for Winning Hands

When a player wins a hand, they will receive a payout depending on the type of bet they made.

  • If the player has blackjack (an Ace and a 10-point card) they will receive a 3:2 payout.
  • If the player does not have blackjack, they will receive a 1:1 payout.

Advanced Blackjack Strategies

In order to increase your chances of winning at blackjack, there are several advanced strategies that can be used.

Card Counting

Card counting is a strategy used by experienced blackjack players to gain an advantage over the house. It involves keeping track of the cards that have been dealt and making bets based on the cards that are still in the deck. This strategy can be used to determine when the deck is in the player’s favor and when it is in the dealer’s favor.

Basic Strategy

Basic strategy is a strategy used by novice and experienced players alike. It involves making decisions based on the cards that have been dealt and the cards that are still in the deck. This strategy does not guarantee a win, but it does improve the player’s chances of winning.

Betting Strategies

Betting strategies are used by players to manage their bankroll and maximize their profits. These strategies involve varying the size of your bets depending on the cards that have been dealt and the cards that are still in the deck.

Blackjack Etiquette

In addition to the rules of the game, there is also a set of etiquette rules that should be followed when playing blackjack.

Be Respectful

Players should be respectful of each other and the dealer at all times. This includes refraining from using foul language or making rude comments.

No Cheating

Cheating is not allowed in any form. This includes marking cards, counting cards, or any other type of cheating.

No Side Bets

Side bets are not allowed at the blackjack table. These are bets made outside of the main game and can be disruptive to the game.

No Distractions

Players should refrain from talking on their phones or engaging in any other type of distraction while playing blackjack. This can be disruptive to the game and should be avoided.


Playing blackjack can be a fun and exciting experience, but it is important to understand the rules and etiquette of the game. Knowing the rules and following the etiquette will help to ensure that everyone has a good time and that the game is fair for all players.