What gives the dealer the advantage in blackjack?

Introduction to Blackjack Dealer’s Advantage

Blackjack is a popular card game that has been around for centuries. It is a game of strategy and luck, that requires a careful balance in order to be successful. The game is played between the dealer and the players, and the dealer always has the advantage. This is because the dealer is the last to act, which gives them a better chance to win. In this article, we will discuss what gives the dealer the advantage in blackjack, and how to minimize it.

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What is Blackjack?

Blackjack is a game of cards between the dealer and the players. It is played with one or more decks of 52 cards, with each card having a point value. The goal is to beat the dealer by either having a higher hand value than the dealer, or by not going over 21. The dealer is the last to act, and they can either hit or stand. If they hit, they must draw another card to their hand. If they stand, they must accept the current hand value.

The House Edge

The house edge is the advantage that the casino has over the players in any given game. In blackjack, the house edge is usually around 5%. This means that for every $100 wagered, the casino will make an average of $5. This is because the dealer has the advantage of acting last and knowing what the players have in their hands.

Dealer’s Advantages

The dealer’s advantage in blackjack is due to several factors.

The Dealer is the Last to Act

The dealer is the last to act, meaning they can adjust their strategy based on the cards that have already been revealed. This gives them a better chance of making the correct decision and winning the hand.

The Dealer Wins on Ties

The dealer wins on ties, which gives them an advantage over the players. This means that even if the players and the dealer both have the same hand value, the dealer will win the hand.

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The Dealer Does Not Have to Follow Rules

The dealer does not have to follow the same rules that the players do. For example, the dealer does not have to hit on soft 17, and they can choose to stand on any hand value. This gives them more flexibility in their strategy and increases their chances of winning.

The Dealer Does Not Have to Show Their Hand

The dealer does not have to show their hand, which means they can bluff and make decisions without revealing their cards. This gives them an advantage over the players, as they can take risks without the players knowing.

Minimizing the Dealer’s Advantage

The dealer’s advantage can be minimized by using the following strategies:

Know the Rules

It is important to know the rules of the game, as this can help you make better decisions. Knowing when to hit, stand, double down, split, or surrender can help you maximize your chances of winning.

Use Basic Strategy

Basic strategy is the optimal way to play each hand, based on the cards that have been revealed. It takes into account the dealer’s cards and your own, and tells you what the best move is in a given situation.

Take Insurance

Taking insurance is a way to minimize the dealer’s advantage. If the dealer has an Ace showing, they may have a blackjack, and taking insurance will protect you against this. It is important to note that taking insurance is not always the best strategy, as it comes with its own risks.

Use Card Counting

Card counting is a strategy that involves keeping track of the cards that have been revealed in order to gain an advantage. This can be a difficult and time-consuming strategy, but it can give players an edge over the dealer if done correctly.

Manage Your Bankroll

Managing your bankroll is important in any game of chance, including blackjack. Setting a budget and sticking to it can help you stay in the game longer and reduce the risk of going bust.


The dealer always has the advantage in blackjack, but there are strategies that can be used to minimize this advantage. Knowing the rules, using basic strategy, taking insurance, using card counting, and managing your bankroll can all help to reduce the dealer’s edge. With the right strategy and a bit of luck, you can increase your chances of winning at blackjack.