What is Blackjack Called in France?
Blackjack, also known as Twenty-One, is a popular card game that is played in casinos around the world. But did you know that it is known by a different name in France? The game is called Vingt-et-un, which literally translates to “21” in English. This article will explore the French version of the game, including its rules, strategies, and history.
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History of Blackjack in France
Blackjack originated in France in the 17th century, where it was known as Vingt-et-un. It is believed to have been derived from an earlier French game called Quinze, which was played with a deck of 32 cards. The game quickly gained popularity and spread to other parts of Europe and eventually the United States.
In the United States, the game was given the name “Blackjack” by gambling establishments in the late 1800s. This was done in an effort to attract more customers to the game. The name stuck, and it has been known as Blackjack ever since.
Rules of Vingt-et-un
The rules of Vingt-et-un are very similar to the rules of Blackjack. The goal of the game is to get a hand with a value as close to 21 as possible, without going over. The player and the dealer both get two cards. The player can hit (take another card), stand (not take any more cards), or double down (double their bet and take one more card).
The dealer also has to follow certain rules. They must hit on 16 or lower and stand on 17 or higher. If the dealer busts (goes over 21) then the player wins. If the player and the dealer have the same hand, then it is a tie (known as a “push”).
Like any other game, there are certain strategies that can be used to increase your chances of winning. One of the most important strategies is to always hit on 16 or lower and stand on 17 or higher. This is because the odds of the dealer busting are much higher when they are forced to hit on 16 or lower.
It is also important to pay attention to the dealer’s up-card. This is the card that is face-up on the table. If the dealer has a 7 or higher, then it is generally advisable to stand on 17 or higher. If the dealer has a 6 or lower, then it is typically better to hit on 17 or higher.
Finally, it is important to remember that the goal of the game is to get as close to 21 as possible without going over. This means that you should never hit on 17 or higher unless you are absolutely sure that the dealer has a higher hand than you.
Vingt-et-un Side Bets
In addition to the main game, Vingt-et-un also offers a variety of side bets. These bets allow players to wager on a variety of outcomes, such as whether the dealer will bust, whether the player will get blackjack, or even whether the player will get a certain hand total.
These side bets can be a lot of fun, but it is important to remember that they are not always profitable. The house edge on side bets is typically much higher than on the main game, so it is important to use good judgement when deciding whether or not to make a side bet.
Vingt-et-un can be played with a variety of different rules and variations. The most common variant is “European Blackjack”, which is played with two decks of cards. This variation allows for a higher house edge, but it also allows for a more strategic game.
Another popular variant is “Pontoon”, which is played with eight decks of cards. This variation has a lower house edge, but it also makes it more difficult for players to count cards.
Finally, there is “Spanish 21”, which is played with six decks of cards. This variation has a much lower house edge, but it also requires more skill and strategy.
In recent years, Vingt-et-un has become increasingly popular online. Online casinos offer a variety of different variants, including European Blackjack, Pontoon, and Spanish 21. They also offer a variety of side bets and other bonuses, such as the ability to play multiple hands at once or to receive a bonus for hitting certain hands.
Online casinos also offer a variety of different banking options, such as e-wallets, credit cards, and Bitcoin. This makes it easier for players to deposit and withdraw funds, and it also makes it easier for players to take advantage of bonuses and promotions.
Vingt-et-un tournaments are becoming increasingly popular in both land-based and online casinos. These tournaments feature a variety of different variants, including European Blackjack, Pontoon, and Spanish 21. The goal of the tournament is to outlast the other players by having the highest chip stack at the end of the tournament.
Tournaments can be a lot of fun, but they also require skill and strategy. Players must be able to read their opponents, manage their bankrolls, and make the right decisions at the right times.
Vingt-et-un Strategies to Keep in Mind
Hit on 16 or lower and stand on 17 or higher. This is one of the most important strategies for Vingt-et-un.
Pay attention to the dealer’s up-card. This will give you an indication of what the dealer is likely to do.
Remember that the goal is to get as close to 21 as possible without going over. This means that you should never hit on 17 or higher unless you are absolutely sure that the dealer has a higher hand than you.
Understand the house edge on side bets. Side bets can be a lot of fun, but they are not always profitable.
Know when to fold. If you are playing a tournament, then it is important to know when to fold and when to stay in the game.
Vingt-et-un is an exciting game that is popular in both land-based and online casinos. It is played with the same basic rules as Blackjack, but there are a few important differences. It is important to understand these rules, as well as the various strategies and variants of the game, in order to be a successful Vingt-et-un player.